How to prepare Tea

Each type of tea has its way of preparation. In every country in the world where tea has been consumed for centuries have developed their own ways and customs of preparing the tea. In Japan for example, there is the famous tea ceremony, where the tea is served in small cups without handles without adding any sweetener or other item. In Arab countries is very popular tea with mint. In England they added added a little milk and sugar on the tea. If we start to investigate we will find many ways to prepare and take tea. Generally, when you buy a tea in the bag usually tell the rest of tea time, should follow these guidelines.

Picture of Alexandre Dulaunoy with Creative Commons license.

Consider the schematic process of the preparation of tea: 

  1. Select the type of tea that we will use and set ourselves well in the time it needs to rest. 

  2. Heat the water. Usually it is indicate that the water must be between 70°C  and 90°C depending on the type of tea that we will perform. It is recommended not to bring the water to a boil. Then I will explain an alternative method. 

  3. In the container we have chosen, usually a kettle, at first, we will put tea leaves (they can be soaked with cold water first to prevent burning with hot water) and then add the hot water. Let stand the tea time indicated by type. 

  4. Serving Tea. Tea can be served alone, with some sweetener, milk, lemon, cinnamon or other aromatic substances.

 

Some considerations on the preparation of tea

Through what I have read on Tea, and what I  have experienced on it, I have developed some points to consider when preparing to a Tea :

  • Ionized water. This is a naturist concept that I have used successfully in the preparation of tea. Ionized water is a type of water that has great health benefits, including detoxifying, rejuvenating qualities because of its great power to improve body hydration and it is also an important regulator of body weight. If we do an ionized water cure we can lose a lot of weight in a short time without the discomfort of weight loss so sudden. Ionized water can be prepared at home very easily. The procedure involves putting in a saucepan the amount of water we want to ionize, it is ideally put about 2 liters and then save them in a thermos for taking them during the day, put the saucepan on fire and bring the water to boil. Once at this point we can lower the intensity of the fire, but still miss the water boiling, observe that continues to bubble. Leave the boiling water for 15 to 20 minutes. After this time it can be consumed. The water will keep the ionization while it is hot, when it is cold has lost its ionization qualities. What we get with this method is to load the water with negative ions, ingesting this water, negative ions will bind with the positive ions of the toxins in the body, creating a neutral molecule that is easily ejectable by our body.

  • Tea with ionized water. To jointly utilize the benefits of ionized water and tea will do next. We will ionize water by the method described above. We can opt for a less efficient ionization method, which only boil water for 5 minutes, so would save time, but the end result would be the same. Once we have ionized water, turn off the heat and let this cool to the recommended type of tea you want to prepare temperature, surely we have to cool the water more than a minute. The cooling rate of water depends on many factors  it is ideally to have a thermometer to measure water temperature. But we can do more or less by eye, remembering the important thing is not to burn the tea.

  • Excitation of tea. I believe that a tea is well prepared when the degree of excitement that we produce is soft and very gradual. If the tea produces us a roller coaster, where a great first experience and excessive excitement, then suffered a fall, where we feel tired, sleepy or lacking in energy, we can conclude that we have not properly prepared the tea. There are three possible causes about these unwanted feelings:

  • Water temperature. If the water you have left standing the tea was too hot, this will eliminate some essential enzymes of Tea. This enzymes carry the caffeine to the brain. If they are present in the tea we drink, these enzymes are responsible for the brain receiving the caffeine very slowly over several hours, which prevents of the roller coaster effect. In some types of tea such as black tea, because of fermentation, these enzymes are not present (or they are less), for this reason this type of tea cause increased arousal. If we are in this case we have to vary the temperature at which the tea let rest until we achieve success. We can also noticed that the excess temperature in the tea also destroy many of the active ingredients that give tea the fame of medicinal and rejuvenating drink. This is a small chart of temperatures of the main types of tea.

Type of Tea

Temperature of water

White Tea

70ºC

Sencha Green Tea 

70ºC

Gun Powder Green Tea 

80ºC

 Oolong Tea

90ºC

 Pu-erh Red Tea

90ºC

Black Tea

95ºC

  • Standby time. Excessive standby time can also make destroyed these enzymes that carry caffeine, or may cause a higher number of caffeine than enzymes for this reason we should seek appropriate time for each type of tea. The rest time can vary greatly depending on the container in which the tea let standby, if a vessel where the steam does not escape, the well time will be much less. Conversely, if the container lets out steam and is quite large, the rest time is lengthened. So I invite you to make your own experiments. It is ideally you would have a unique and exclusive container for each type of tea you use, because the tea leaves a residue that ultimately increases the quality of its flavor, which is why it should not be mixed different teas in the same container. It is also highly recommended never wash it with detergents. This is an indicative table of the well times of the main Teas:

Type of Tea

Time of rest

White Tea

From 4 to 5 minutes

White Tea in a kettle

From 5 to 7 minutes

Sencha Green Tea 

From 35 to 45 seconds

Gun Powder Green Tea

From 2 to 3 minutes

Gun Powder in a kettle

From 5 to 7 minutes

Oolong Tea

From 1 to 2 minutes

Pu-erh Red Tea

From 3 to 5 minutes

Pu-erh in a kettle

From 5 to 7 minutes

Black Tea

From 5 to 10 minutes

  • Excess of tea. It is very important the amount of tea we put at rest. It is recommended to add a small teaspoon per person. Excess of grass, cause a greater amount of caffeine, but when prepared properly and caffeine go linked with the corresponding enzyme, having too much, body would struggle to cope with the quantity and also would get a overdrive. Therefore it is always better to fall short to spend.

Article written by Miquel Vidal.